Gum Disease

A new study has revealed that over 80% of patients who have had complications from COVID, also had periodontitis. Commonly known as gum disease, periodontitis is a bacterial infection of the gums.

Here, we’ll look at how gum disease is linked to COVID. And because it’s more important than ever, we include our top tips for you to take care of your oral hygiene.

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is a severe infection of the gum, capable of destroying the bones of the teeth. It is mostly caused by poor oral hygiene, making it a highly preventable condition. Over time, it can lead to tooth loss or at least a loosening of the teeth. It presents the following symptoms:

  • Bad breath
  • Puffy or swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Spaces between the teeth
  • Pain when chewing

It starts when plaque sticks to the teeth. If it isn’t removed, it hardens into tartar which is packed full of bacteria. Over time, it will lead to gingivitis, a mild type of gum disease. At this stage, it is reversible with good oral hygiene and professional treatment. However, if left it will go on to cause periodontitis.

How is gum disease linked to COVID?

Currently, research is underway to determine the connection between gum disease and COVID. A study has already revealed that over 80% of patients who had COVID complications, also had periodontitis. Out of the patients who didn’t experience any complications, just 43% had periodontitis.

This shows that gum disease does appear to increase your risk of suffering complications if you develop COVID. Now, additional research is needed to determine the exact link between the two conditions.

Oral hygiene advice to keep your gums healthy

Gum disease is a common health problem worldwide. It is estimated that around 50% of the entire population suffer from a mild to moderate form of the disease. An additional 10% of the population is thought to have severe gum disease. COVID has only exacerbated the problem, as millions of patients missed their dental check-ups during lockdown.

If you want to avoid potential COVID complications and stay healthy, taking care of your oral hygiene is important. Some of the best ways to do this include:

  • Brush twice a day with an electric toothbrush
  • Floss at least once a day
  • Use a fluoride toothpaste
  • Avoid smoking
  • Visit your dental hygienist

Brushing twice a day is something we should all be doing. However, you should make sure you are using fluoride toothpaste and ideally an electric toothbrush too. Flossing daily will also help to keep gum disease at bay.

Keeping up with your dental hygiene appointments is also important. These help you to keep on top of your oral health, identifying any potential problems quickly. At CK Dental, our friendly hygienist, Sam, recently had training with a leading periodontist. She can remove any hard or soft plaque deposits on your teeth, and most importantly, give you advice on how to keep your mouth healthy. The more regularly you visit, the better the health and appearance of your teeth will be.

If you suspect you may have periodontitis, or if you are overdue a hygienist appointment, give us a call at 0117 905 9866 or fill in the short form on the website.

dental treatment under general anaesthetic

One unique thing about CK Dental is that it is able to offer patients dental treatment under conscious sedation, as well as general anaesthetic (GA). This is because it is located in a hospital setting, at the Nuffield Health Bristol Hospital in Clifton.

Having the option to be sedated, coupled with it being a very relaxing and calm environment, allows many nervous patients to be immediately put at ease. But it is also the highly experienced dental team who deliver the treatments that make a trip to the dentist far easier to bear.

Dr Neil Rasburn has been CK Dental’s consultant anaesthetist for the past five years. He works closely with principal dentist Dr Cornelius Krause, as well as an anaesthetic assistant. They are in fact a very ‘well-oiled’ team! And this is uncommon, as in most practices, the dentist carries out a treatment whilst also monitoring a patient’s sedation. But at CK Dental, Neil and his assistant can keep a close eye on the patient and ensure they are as safe as possible. This allows Cornelius to focus solely on the dental treatment.

We asked Neil about dental work under general anaesthetic, as well as conscious sedation.

What can a patient expect from a dental treatment under general anaesthetic?

“The patient always has a full pre-op assessment to ensure that they are safe to have general anaesthetic. If they are coming from quite far away, this can be done over the phone. The procedure is always fully explained beforehand during the initial consultation.

“Any dental surgery where general anaesthetic is used takes place in the theatre at the Nuffield Hospital. I will meet with the patient on the ward and explain what is involved, and how they will feel. Then, when they are prepared, the GA will be administered via one of the veins on the back of the hand. It doesn’t take long for them to become unconscious. So all they know is waking up in the recovery room after the treatment.”

And for those patients with a fear of needles, there is also an option to have gas through a mask to fall asleep.

“We ensure that you are comfortable on waking, and you will be supplied with painkillers to keep you comfortable after the treatment.”

Is there any risk of waking up?

A big concern that many patients have is the possibility of waking up during treatment. Neil said that this was extremely rare. And it is very unlikely at CK Dental because of the undivided attention he and his assistant give the patient. Not to mention all the different monitoring equipment throughout the procedure.

How is this different to conscious sedation?

“Similarly to GA, there will be a pre-op assessment to ensure safety. And similarly to GA, the medication is administered via a drip in the hand. However, with conscious sedation, the level of sedative is very slowly increased over time to ensure it is just right. So they are still awake and conscious. This might take ten minutes or so and allows the patient to be compliant with whatever Cornelius needs them to do. Whilst making sure that they are comfortably numb.

“Once the dental treatment is underway, the local anaesthetic can then be reduced. This is to a level that means they are alert and awake as soon as the procedure is over. They are still observed after the treatment, until they are fully alert and ready to be taken home.

“There are very few side-effects from conscious sedation as there is very little medication. However, 80% – 90% of patients cannot even remember the treatment!”

And what about those with a real fear of the dentist?

Neil explained that because of the number of people with dental phobia, the treatments that conscious sedation is used can be varied. These can range from a basic check, or a clean, to a two hour procedure. And sometimes, it is only during the check that Cornelius can see what extra work is needed.

He said that before the procedure takes place, his role is mainly to reassure patients that they will be in a comfortable place. A place where they will be able to open their mouth for the treatment.

“Many patients have built up fear over a long time. But they have such a good treatment experience using conscious sedation, that they choose not to have it again when they come back for a follow-up treatment.”

Are you still waiting for dental treatment?

Neil spoke about the growing waiting lists for dental work under general anaesthetic – because of the pandemic. So treatments such as root canals and cosmetic dental work with general anesthesia, are hard to find outside CK Dental.

If you need to see a dentist, or if you are a nervous patient and want to feel confident about your dental treatment, please get in touch. And if you have any questions about dental treatment under general anaesthetic or conscious sedation, contact the team.

Oral health problems

A new study has found that two out of five athletes suffer with oral health problems that have negatively impacted their lives. While a lot of focus goes into injury prevention, oral health is something that is often forgotten about.

Here, we’ll look at what the study found and the importance of getting oral issues sorted out quickly.

Understanding the latest study

The study, carried out by Sunstar, included 302 athletes. They were asked questions regarding their health, and 40% revealed they were concerned about their oral health.

Around 55% of athletes stated they had dental cavities, 76% had periodontal disease, and 45% suffered with dental erosion. Interestingly, the study also revealed the impact oral health issues can have on athletes. As well as impacting overall health and wellness, oral troubles can impact performance. Those with a tooth infection were more likely to perform badly or have to pull out of sporting competitions completely.

The cause of oral health problems in athletes is said to be linked to their high-sugar diets. They consume a lot of sugary snacks and energy drinks which can be detrimental for the teeth.

Why treat oral health problems quickly

Due to the impact oral health issues can have on performance, as well as your health, getting them sorted quickly is crucial. This is especially true in the case of infections.

Tooth infections can spread to other areas if they are left untreated. They can also cause significant pain that can be difficult to treat with standard pain medication. Ignoring an infection or abscess could:

  • Cause infection within the surrounding bone
  • Lead to tooth loss
  • Cause an infection of the sinuses and soft tissue
  • Lead to an abscess on the brain
  • Cause septicaemia

Each of the issues above can be serious, with some proving to be life threatening. So, how can you tell if you have a tooth infection that is spreading to other areas of the body?

Symptoms of a tooth infection to watch out for

If you want to catch a tooth infection quickly, it’s important to know what symptoms to look out for. Pain in the mouth or tongue, swelling in the face, cheeks, and neck, and nausea can all point towards an infection.

You may also experience double vision, a fever, vomiting, confusion, and difficulty breathing. At the first sign of any infection, you should seek treatment as quickly as possible.

How are tooth infections treated?

Tooth infections can be treated in a number of ways. It depends upon the severity of the infection and how early it has been caught. Antibiotics alone may be effective for mild infections. However, if the infection is severe, a root canal treatment may be required.

Root canal treatments are very successful in removing tooth infection. And they are done using a local anaesthetic, so should feel no different to having a regular filling. There are other options available at CK Dental for very nervous patients.

If you suspect you have a tooth or gum infection, book a consultation with CK Dental today. The earlier you catch an infection, the easier it will be to treat. By having regular check-ups, we can help you to identify any potential oral health issues quickly.

Invisalign treatment

Invisalign treatment is an innovative tooth straightening procedure. Ideal for all ages, it replaces traditional braces, with clear ones. Made with SmartTrack material, these aligners are comfortable to wear. They are customised to perfectly fit each patient for maximum results.

While Invisalign is suitable for most patients, there are some factors to consider before you book the procedure. Here, you’ll discover how to decide whether Invisalign is right for you.

What kind of problems can Invisalign treat?

Invisalign treatment is suitable for a wide range of tooth problems. Just some of the things this innovative treatment can help with include:

  • Overbite/Underbite
  • Crossbite
  • Gaps in the teeth
  • Crowded teeth

Each of the problems above can lead to more severe issues if left untreated. Traditional braces are effective, but they can be uncomfortable. They are also easy to spot, whereas Invisalign aligners blend in with the teeth. If you have any of these problems, Invisalign might be for you.

Is there an age limit?

Invisalign is suitable for anyone 13 years and over. Unlike most orthodontic treatments, this one is largely designed with adults in mind. There is no upper age limit for the treatment, the main requirement is that you don’t have any baby teeth still present.

When might an Invisalign treatment not be recommended?

In some cases, Invisalign treatment might not be right for you. If you still have baby teeth, or if certain teeth have been removed, the procedure may not be suitable. This is because if teeth are missing, it isn’t going to be possible to fill in the gap between them. Similarly, if you have false teeth Invisalign isn’t going to be suitable for you.

Those with periodontal disease, or acute gum disease, are also unsuitable for the treatment. The dentist will be able to assess your suitability for the procedure during your consultation.

What results can I expect?

You will usually need to wear Invisalign aligners for an average of 12-18 months before you complete the treatment. The exact time will depend upon the type of problem you are experiencing, and how severe it is.

Unlike traditional teeth straightening methods, the results for Invisalign can be more accurately predicted prior to the treatment. This is down to their customised design. The aligners are created using dental impressions taken from the patient’s mouth.

Overall, Invisalign is suitable for a wide range of patients. It can correct many different problems with teeth alignment, remaining invisible to the naked eye. You will find them comfortable to wear and they provide much faster results than traditional braces.

You can learn more about teeth straightening, and about our Invisalign treatments, at your initial consultation. Call CK Dental today on 0117 905 9866 to book a consultation with our experienced dentists.

teeth healthy

Our summer diets can often wreak havoc on our teeth and gums. And it is not easy to keep your teeth healthy on a diet that includes the odd ice cream, fizzy drinks, picnics, and BBQs.

However, we have put together some top tips to help you keep your teeth and gums healthy in the warm months ahead.

Know when to brush your teeth

We all know we should be brushing twice each day. However, if you consume a lot of sugary food and drink, you are going to want to brush more frequently. Whenever you eat or drink something sugary, brush your teeth straight after. Alternatively, you can rinse using a good mouthwash.

If you indulge in foods and drink high in acid, you should also brush your teeth afterwards. However, with acidic foods, it is best to wait up to twenty minutes before brushing.

Drink lots of water

Obviously, you cannot take a toothbrush and mouthwash with you everywhere you go this summer. So, to help keep the teeth and gums healthy while you are out enjoying the sun, drink lots of water instead.

You can use water to rinse the mouth after you have eaten sugary foods. Not only does this help to get rid of bits of food and excess sugar, but it also increases saliva production. This prevents a dry mouth, which can lead to bad breath. Get in the habit of carrying bottles of water around with you wherever you go this summer.

Consider switching to low sugar options

While the best option to prevent issues with the teeth this summer is to avoid sugary refreshments altogether, you could switch to low-sugar options. You will have to be careful here as low sugar doesn’t always mean the drinks are better for you. They can often be acidic, which can be equally as bad for the teeth. Always read the label before investing in a low sugar alternative.

Invest in sensitive toothpaste

If you suffer with sensitive teeth, a summer diet can cause the symptoms to worsen. If you don’t already, invest in a toothpaste specifically designed for sensitive teeth. This will help to relieve your symptoms when required. However, if you have constant tooth sensitivity, it is a good idea to consult with your dentist. There may be an underlying cause that needs to be addressed.

These are some of the best tips you can follow to keep your teeth healthy and happy this summer.

If you are concerned about your teeth or gum health, book a consultation with one of our experienced dentists at CK Dental by calling 0117 905 9866.

tooth gets knocked out

Our teeth are tough, but they are not immune to damage. For example, they can be knocked out by an accident or blow to the face. The good news is a knocked-out tooth can typically be replaced successfully provided you act quickly.

Here, you will discover what you can do if your tooth does get knocked out. Even if it cannot be replaced, there are other options available.

What should I do if there is bleeding?

When a tooth gets knocked out, bleeding is common. While it can be alarming seeing a lot of blood gushing from the tooth, there are ways to stop it. Find a clean handkerchief and fold it up. Then, place it on the socket and bite down firmly.

It is important to avoid taking aspirin as this can make the bleeding worse. You should also avoid rubbing clove oil onto the area.

Can a whole tooth be replaced?

Sometimes, a whole tooth can be replaced if it is fully intact. However, it will need to be done quickly. You have around 30 minutes to get medical treatment to successfully replace the tooth. In some cases, teeth have been successfully replaced within an hour, but within 30 minutes is the best time to do it.

What do I do with the tooth?

If you have the tooth, avoid touching the root. If it is dirty, wash it with tap water or milk. Don’t let it dry out or attempt to disinfect it. You can put it back in by holding it at the crown and placing it firmly into the socket. Bite down on a clean handkerchief for at least 15 minutes and get to the dentist as quickly as you can.

What if I cannot find the tooth?

If you can’t find the tooth, it could be that you have swallowed it. In these cases, you will need to undergo an X-Ray to check if it is there.

What will happen at my emergency dental appointment?

After securing an emergency dental appointment, your injury will be assessed and cleaned up. If there is bleeding or bruising, the treatment which can be carried out may be limited. Additional appointments will likely be required for follow up treatment.

What are immediate implants?

In some cases, you may be suitable for immediate implants. Provided the bone around the missing tooth is still intact and the gum is infection free, immediate implants are a great option.

The root of the tooth will be extracted, before an implant is immediately placed in the socket. A temporary crown can be placed on top until the implant has fully healed. A more permanent crown will be provided once it has fully healed.

If you lose a tooth, seeking emergency dental work is important. You can call CK Dental on 0117 905 9866. The sooner you can get to us, the higher the chance that the tooth can be saved.

All-On-4 teeth implants

Full mouth dental implants are a great way to replace a lot of missing and damaged teeth. The only trouble is they can be very expensive. If you are looking for a way to cut back the cost of your treatment, All-On-4 teeth implants could be an ideal solution.

Here, we will look at what All-On-4 implants are, the benefits they deliver, and how they are fitted.

What are All-On-4 dental implants?

All-On-4 implants were developed by Nobel Biocare. It aims to replace teeth with fewer implants than standard methods.

Typically, with traditional procedures, you would need 8-10 implants fitted in each jaw. However, most patients who undergo All-On-4 implants only require four implants. They are also fitted in one day, providing instant results.

How are they fitted?

These types of implants are fitted at a 35–40-degree angle. This is different to other implants which tend to be inserted vertically. You will undergo a consultation prior to the treatment to ensure it is the best option for you. This will involve a CT scan, alongside an assessment of your mouth.

If you choose to undergo the procedure, dental impressions will be taken and sent to a lab. There, a customised dental bridge will be created. You may need to have any remaining teeth extracted which will be done under a local anaesthetic. You can also ask for a sedative if required.

After any teeth have been extracted, a couple of holes will be drilled into the front of the jaw. Another two holes will be drilled at the rear to hold in the implants. After the implants have been put into position, the mouth is cleaned, and incisions will be stitched. Your new teeth will be inserted either the same day, or the next day.

The main benefits of All-On-4 implants

So, what makes All-On-4 implants superior to other methods? There are a lot of benefits of this procedure including:

  • It is ideal for those whose teeth cannot be restored
  • It can greatly boost confidence
  • Offers fast, almost instant results

If your teeth cannot be restored, All-On-4 can help to regain your confidence. They are much more convenient than getting a set of dentures, and the procedure itself only takes around an hour to complete.

You can walk out with an entire set of new teeth the same day as the treatment. With other traditional methods, you often need to wait at least six months for work to be completed. So, if you are looking for a fast, practically instant treatment, All-On-4 teeth implants could be exactly what you need.

The only potential downside with the treatment, is that there will be a fixed prosthesis on the teeth. This can make oral hygiene more difficult than having a single implant on one missing tooth. However, your dentist will be able to give you tips on how to maintain good oral hygiene after the implants are fitted.

All-On-4 is an excellent dental treatment that can greatly improve your confidence. To find out more, book a consultation today at CK Dental by calling us on 0117 905 9866.

As May marks National Smile Month, now is the perfect time to start thinking about your oral health. During the coronavirus lockdown, dentists expressed their concern over the number of patients missing appointments. Good oral hygiene helps to protect our overall health, as well as giving us that perfect smile.

Here, we will reveal some of the best ways to protect your oral health in light of National Smile Month.

Improve your daily routine

There are a lot of things you can do in your daily routine to improve your oral hygiene.

Making sure you brush twice a day is the first thing to focus on. It might seem harmless to skip brushing your teeth at night for example. However, plaque can build-up, leading to long term health issues. As well as brushing twice each day, you should also make sure you are brushing for two minutes at a time with a fluoride toothpaste.

Flossing is equally important as it helps to remove bits of food and plaque between the teeth. Typically, you are told to floss after you have brushed. However, there is some evidence to suggest that flossing beforehand helps to make brushing your teeth more effective.

A good tip is to spit the toothpaste out, rather than rinse it out. When you rinse the toothpaste away, it can also remove the fluoride. This is what helps to protect the teeth, so washing it away will cause the toothpaste to be ineffective.

To complete your daily oral routine, using a fluoride mouthwash can also help. It will prevent any plaque from building up, clearing away any debris. Of course, it also helps to give you a nice minty, fresh breath.

Be wary of what you eat

When it comes to snacks, not all of them are great for your teeth. While snacking can form a healthy part of your diet, eating sugary foods can prove detrimental to your dental health.

If you do need to snack, focus on healthy, non-sugary foods. Nuts, seeds, fruits and vegetables are all great snack choices for the teeth.

Consider dental treatments

As well as keeping your oral health in check at home, there are some great dental treatments to help keep the teeth healthy. A straightening treatment can help to correct issues such as food getting stuck between the teeth. An Invisalign straightening treatment uses clear aligners that sit comfortably in your mouth, so there is little interference in your daily life. It also gives you a more confident smile.

You can also opt for a teeth whitening treatment. These are great for removing stains from the teeth, as well as to achieve a natural looking brighter smile in next to no time.

To ensure your teeth and gums are as healthy as they can be, book a consultation with CK Dental today. Call us on 0117 905 9866 or email .

scale and polish

Very few people enjoy going to the dentist – even if it is just to get a scale and polish. However, taking care of your oral hygiene is extremely important to your health. Whether you love or hate the dentist, getting regular check-ups is key to ensuring your teeth and gums remain healthy.

Below, we’ll reveal our top reasons patients should undergo a scale and polish as part of their routine check-up.

1. Preventative care

The number one reason for visiting a dental hygienist is to prevent future problems. By addressing issues before they even occur, it can save you stress, money, and potentially a lot of pain too.
Another benefit of preventative care is that it is much cheaper than paying for ongoing oral issues. If an issue occurs due to poor hygiene, it could be very expensive to fix.

2. It can whiten the teeth

While there are some whitening toothpastes available, nothing can keep the teeth cleaner than a scale and polish. Brushing alone isn’t going to give you that bright white smile that you dream of.

Dentists have the right tools to eliminate stains effectively from the teeth. They can help you to achieve the level of whiteness you desire. Regular scale and polish treatments also help to prevent stains from building up in the first place. However, if you are looking for an even whiter result, consider a teeth whitening treatment for longer lasting results.

3. You’ll enjoy shorter appointment times

Nobody likes spending a long time at the dentist, and with regular hygiene appointments you won’t need to. By attending regular appointments, it helps to keep your oral health in check. This means, when it is time to visit the dentist, they won’t need to spend a lot of time cleaning the teeth and gums.

Your appointments will be much shorter if you make the effort to visit your dentist regularly. This is particularly true when you consider how long you would need to spend at the dentist if something does go wrong.

4. It can be covered on your treatment plan

One reason you might put off having a scale and polish regularly, is the cost. However, did you know that hygienist appointments may be covered on your insurance?

The CK Dental Denplan Essentials plan provides 2 check ups and hygiene visits per year, 10% discount on any clinically necessary treatment and worldwide insurance cover – including when away from home in the UK. With plans starting at £19.50 per month, and with no joining fee at the moment, we can offer an affordable way to stay on top of your dental hygiene.

These are just some of our top reasons for getting a scale and polish. The more you look after your oral hygiene, the better your overall health will be. Remember, regular check-ups and preventative care don’t just protect your oral health. They also protect against heart disease and other physical health issues too.

Book a scale and polish today to start taking better care of your dental health. To find out more about our Denplan monthly dental treatment plan, give us a call on 0117 905 9866.

minimally invasive dentistry

New Associate Dentist at CK Dental, Sonia Manikam believes that modern dentistry is a blend of science and art.

Sonia has a passion for minimally invasive dentistry. But what is minimally invasive dentistry? And how does this work with a trend for whiter and straighter teeth?

With more advanced dentistry techniques, using the best restorative materials, worn down teeth can now be preserved more easily. Teeth can even be perfected to look straighter and whiter. Dentists can help patients to manage their oral health better, as well as build their confidence.

What is ‘minimally invasive dentistry’?

Despite our best efforts to brush our teeth as frequently as our dentist encourages us to, most of us have some tooth decay. According to government national statistics, 92% of adults aged 20 to 64 have had dental caries in their permanent teeth. This can be caused by a number of factors, including bacteria in your mouth. Also, frequent snacking, sipping sugary drinks and not cleaning your teeth well can cause harm.

The ‘minimally invasive’ approach to treating dental caries incorporates the dental science of detecting, diagnosing, intercepting and treating dental caries on the microscopic level. The aim is maximum conservation of the dental enamel and dentin of a tooth. To manage tooth decay without losing too much of the tooth.

How have minimally invasive dental techniques improved?

Expanding on her view that modern dentistry is a combination of science as well as art, Sonia said: “Modern dentistry isn’t just lab-based. It’s about the dentist actually building up the teeth.”

“It is really nice to give a patient a nice smile, and to do that free-hand. It is possible to change the shape and size of teeth, and this is a very precise thing. It’s about functionality (being able to eat), but it’s also about confidence.”

People are grinding their teeth down faster, and there is the ongoing problem of acid erosion to teeth, mainly caused by sugary foods. Composites, or white fillings, were not even an option thirty years ago. Back then, the dentist would need to remove a lot of the tooth to fit a crown. Now, composites are much stronger, and made from more long-lasting materials. They can be layered and shaped to the teeth, without the need to drill any tooth away. The new surface can also be blended to match the enamel colour.

Dental veneers are now a common request by patients, but these may only require a very thin layer of enamel removed from the front of the tooth. The shape and colour of veneers can be adjusted with minimally invasive techniques.

How are techniques used in cosmetic dentistry?

The good news is that when teeth are missing, worn down, misaligned or discoloured, there are now more treatment options available which involve minimally invasive techniques. And patients can even be shown how their teeth will look after treatment.

Aligning the teeth involves some short-term orthodontics such as Invisalign. Only a fine amount of enamel may be rubbed away by the dentist, so the teeth can move into position within the clear aligners. This is unquestionably a more comfortable and less invasive alternative to braces, with noticeable results within weeks.

A patient may also want to proceed with teeth whitening. The results of this would be seen much quicker – after just two weeks. The Enlighten whitening treatment at CK Dental uses non-acidic whitening agents, which would not harm the tooth enamel.

After straightening, and whitening then composites are normally introduced, so that they can be colour-matched and moulded with the new shape of the teeth.

Sonia explained that it is amazing how teeth can be built up, even in very complex cases. And even though it is now far less invasive, for nervous patients worried about sensitivity when undergoing any dental treatment, there are more ways to help here too. At CK Dental, patients can expect a calm, reassuring and relaxed setting. During a consultation with the dentist, patients can discuss the option of sedation and general anaesthetic.

To find out more about any of our treatments, discuss your options if you are a nervous patient, or to simply book an appointment, please give us a call on 0117 905 9866.